Opened in 2002 in the former premises of El Zapote Barracks, municipality of San Jacinto, Military History Museum opened its doors to the public to expose, permanently, historical passages of the Salvadoran Armed Forces, from its founding to the present.
The building was erected in 1865, which preserves the original facade and floors. The museum consists of twelve rooms that expose military relics from the nineteenth century, portraits, artifacts and pieces that were used in different battles that led the armed forces over the years.
All visitors can tour the rooms on a chronological order with a particular meaning:
- Room 1 General Gerardo Barrios
This room Honourable this important character in the history of El Salvador and constitutional President of the Republic (1860-1863), This room displays the aspects related to the Spanish conquest and colonization that led to American independence. In the same context turned the Armed Forces Foundation. It has a rich collection of military parts, including the chair where he died Barrios. It also projects a oil painting created by Salarrué in 1936.
- Room 2 General Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez
Dedicated also to the former president who ruled from 1931 a 1944, this place makes known part of the history of the character, personal belongings, evolution and also classification of the weapons used in the time.
- Room 3 General Fidel Sánchez Hernández
He ruled in the years 1967 a 1972, time that experienced the "War of Self Defense" against Honduras in 1969. In this room you can see the weapons used in that historic event, photographs and documents showing the involvement of the Armed Forces and Public Security Corps, media and used at the time.
- Room 4 Lieutenant Colonel Art. DEM Domingo Monterrosa y Sala 5 Myr. Art. DEM Armando Azmitia Melara
Both characters are highlighted in the military for his work in the confrontation in the town of Joateca, Morazán department in the eighties. These areas that bear their names exposed part of its history and its contribution to the military campaign 1980 to 1992 in our country.
The room shows the weapons that have been used by the armed forces at different times in Salvadoran history, including that held in the Military Campaign 1980 a 1992.
- Room 7 General Francisco Menéndez
Dedicated to the military leader who encouraged the development of wire and rail communications. Also contributing to the implementation of primary and secondary education in our country. He served as President of the Provisional 22 June 1885 to the 1 March 1887 and as President of the Republic of 1 March 1887 to the 22 June 1890. This area displays Documents Signing Peace Agreements, completed the 16 January 1992 and paintings for peace first event held in 1993.
The room is dedicated to the legendary Atlacatl who, at the time of the conquest of Cuscatlan, states that fought the Spanish. It shows part of history now demobilized units, after the peace accords 1992: Security Forces (acted in 1980 a 1992) and Rapid Reaction Battalions (founded in the eighties).
- Room 9 Cuscatlan Battalion
This site pays tribute to the Armed Forces who participated in Operations Humanitarian and Reconstruction in the Republic of Iraq since 2003 to the 2008. The collection consists of pieces from the Center of Military History and showing part of the history of the activities of the eleven Cuscatlan Battalion troops in Iraq.
- Room 10 Cap. PA. Guillermo Reynaldo Cortez
Dedicated to who was crowned national hero for his role in the Air Force as part of the War of Self Defense 1969 against Honduras. Also find vestiges belonging to the Navy, founded in 1951 by Captain Mayor Cesar Yanes Urias, another important branch of the Armed Forces.
- Room 11 Rulers of El Salvador: Distinguished Military
As a tribute to the former rulers of El Salvador, in this room are exposed personal belongings donated by family and reviews the contributions which left the country.
This motor was designed and built by members of the Armed Forces. We used to carry the Pope John Paul II during his visit to our country 1983 and 1996.
- Square Memorial to National Sovereignty
Surrounded by green areas and walkways for recreational visitors which communicate in four directions to the main entrances of the museum.
- National Heroes Memorial Salvadoran Central American Independence
This site honors the memory of characters Salvadorans who were involved in independence movements. Here lie the remains of General Manuel José Arce, who was the first Federal President of the United Provinces of Central America, and founder of the Armed Forces.
- Relief Map of the Republic of El Salvador
This map was a work that was conducted in conjunction with the National Registration Center (CNR) and the Ministry of National Defense for educational. This tool aims to inform about the geography that makes up the country.
There are many historical teachings found in the Military Museum "El Zapote Barracks". Visit and discover this old military role.
Address: 10 By. Street South and Captain Alberto Sanchez against Former Presidential Palace, Barrio San Jacinto,San Salvador.
If vehicle is driven on the street should look for San Jacinto. Take benchmark Social Investment Fund for Local Development (FISDL). Below you will find the entrance to El Zapote Barracks left side of the street, adjoin Ex Presidential House. You can park within the premises.
Bus routes: Ruta A, 21, 26 and 138. Ticket cost from $0.20 USD.
Phone: (503) 2250-0000 extension 3203 or 3201.
More information: http://www.elsalvador.com/hablemos/2005/070805/070805-3.htm
Elevation 2207 feet