Natural History Museum of El Salvador: Vestiges palaeontological heritage
Currently little is said about natural remnants and subsisted on land inhabited since prehistoric times Salvadoran the date.
Thus, various national and international bodies united efforts for more than 30 years to conduct research that contributed to the consolidation of the National Natural History Deposits evenings by the Ministry of Culture of the Presidency (SECULTURA) under the classification of Cultural Heritage.
This section remains only focused scientific use and, for the time being, requires more funds and support to start or continue projects like paleontological excavations at sites with its historical, among other needs.
These parts are strictly guarded facility of the Museum of Natural History (MUHNES) and Eco Parque Saburo Hirao, some from the late seventies, if only they were part of a small collection that evolved into four categories: Herbal area with botanical specimens, malacology (molluscs study), paleontology with prehistoric remains and entomology as a branch that studies insects.
Paleontological Traces El Salvador
After reported as incidental findings, as the case Tomayate River Township Resume, San Salvador in 2008, international experts believe that this discovery is "the channel paleontological Pleistocene era largest in Latin America". As part of the collection are also protected original pieces from different parts of El Salvador.
Among the most prominent are:
- Ceiba sheet over 1.5 millions of years of existence.
This is a sample Salvadoran emblematic of paleontology found in the seventies.
- Molar four mastodon tusks
This specimen was collected in the municipality of Corinto, Morazán department in the seventies.
Note that this type of mastodon that lived in Central America is a "endemic", only in the area.
- Horse left ramus
This specimen collected in 2001 notes the presence of horses in America does 3 or 3.5 millions of years before the Spanish colonization but which became extinct. Scientists consider this piece as one of the best examples of horses in the region.
Site extracted Tomayate, Township Resume, San Salvador.
- Molariforme of lazy giant
This type of giant sloth was ancient relative of today anteaters, of South American origin and totally vegetarian. It is estimated that the maximum size was 5 a 6 meters.
This finding was in Tomayate River paleontological site, Township Resume, San Salvador.
- Rama mandibular deer
It was found at the site Tomayate. According to research this species was very common in the Central American territory and lived in forested areas.
- Wolf Hyena Molar
Of the species of Borophagus Secundus. This specimen has an approximate age of 7 million years; is presumed that this species became extinct 3 million years. Was collected in the municipality of Corinto, Morazán department. There was another finding Tomayate Site, Resume, department of San Salvador.
- Hyena wolf
Of the species Borophagus hilli. The estimated age of this specimen is 3.5 million years.
- Deer antlers
It is estimated that this piece has 3.5 million years. It was found in the river Tomayate, Township Resume, department of San Salvador.
- Horse Finger
From the type Pliohippus. Collected in the seventies in Canton Skull, The municipality Salamo, Morazán department. Is estimated to have 9 million years.
- Indeterminate gender Frog
Caught in a rock type diatomite, is estimated to be between 900 thousand and 1.5 millions of years of existence. It was discovered in the early seventies by Stephen Perrigo in Sisimico Canyon, department of San Vicente.
- Leaf imprint
Material preserved in diatomite, this is the product of a mummification formed by gas corpuscles. Is estimated to be between 900 thousand and 1.5 million years old. It was found in the canyon Sisimico, department of San Vicente.
- Diatomite rock fish
Same as above, This is between the fish fossilized 900 thousand and 1.5 million years. Preservation remained oxygen deprivation. Was collected in the canyon Sisimico, San Vicente.
This piece was trapped in limestone material on a site that was estimated to be a coral atoll where lived vertebrates and invertebrates then quenched. The estimated age is between 9 and 11 million years. Was collected at El Chapernalito, department of La Union.
Characteristics of the north of the country, from Metapán, departamento de Santa Ana hasta Chalatenango. Were common in the days of dinosaurs and became extinct with them. Researchers according to the size reached to the equivalent of a tire of a truck.
- Part of a horse jaw
Was found in Salamo, Morazán department by Stephen Perrigo.
- Molar de leche bear face cuts
This is a piece of valuable contribution to science. It was found at the site Tomayate, Apopa department of San Salvador. Has an oscillating age 3.5 and 3 million years. This was the first record (three) on a milk molar found in Central worldwide. The other two are in the United States and England.
Address:Barrio San Jacinto, Hatcheries street final, Cologne Nicaragua, San Salvador.
Near the National Zoo and the National Institute of Children and Adolescents.
Route buses across the area:
Route 2 (National Zoo and San Jacinto), Route 12 y microbuses 11B. Ticket cost from $0.25 USD.
Contact numbers: (503) 2270-9228 / (503) 2270-1387
Hours Natural History Museum and Eco Park SaburoHirao: Wednesday to Sunday, of 9:00 a.m. a 5:00 p.m. (without close to noon).
- General $0.60 USD
- Children 7 years and older FREE
Cost of parking for light vehicles $1.00 USD
Available on Facebook as MUHNES (Natural History Museum of El Salvador)
Tomayate River Site, Township Resume, department of San Salvador: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomayate
Elevation 2265 feet
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