Volcanoes National Park
Called Complex Volcanoes for hosting three giants, recognized each for impressive moments in the Salvadoran life.
The weather is cool, an average of around 6 to 8 ° C, but can vary greatly to a warmer environment, This change greatly depends sunlight. At the beginning or end of the day, as when clouds are present, the temperature drops, As with the wind. A normal day, you can enjoy a climate between 16 to 24 º C. In the months of May to October it rains heavily, so we recommend camping in the remaining months.
Volcanoes National Park is a national park in El Salvador, comprising three of the 14 volcanoes 'young' (between 2 million 250 years old, according to geologists) of the Cordillera Apaneca-Llamatepec: Santa Ana volcano, Izalco and Cerro Verde, in the departments of Santa Ana and Sonsonate.
Being located at the eastern end of the Cordillera, Volcanoes becomes an important biological corridor along El Imposible National Park (western end). This means that wildlife species have a "bridge" used to move from one park to another, along 40 miles of shaded coffee plantations and upland forests. For this reason, El Salvador identifies Volcanoes between natural areas conservation priority.
It has an area of 4,500 hectares, between state land, municipal and private. It has elevations ranging from 500 and 2,381 meters above sea level.
The Park is immersed in what is now known as Biosphere Reserve Apaneca-Llamatepec, declared with this designation by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural) year 2007. The complex is in an area that is characterized by the production of coffee, which is an important economic activity for the local. Also, grains occur, flowers, honey, There is livestock, and very far away, sugarcane.
Through history, this colossus was called “The Lighthouse of the Pacific” because it was a guide at night for the ships that sailed the Salvadoran coast. Without Caesar and almost 196 years old, the volcano waterfalls offered a show of lava and red-hot rocks thrown into the air, falling without causing greater danger in the crops at the foot of the volcano. This activity came to form a cone 650 feet above the neighboring plain (1,952 meters above sea level), with a crater 250 m diameter.
Cerro Verde Volcano
In El Salvador is known simply as Cerro Verde, but in reality it is a volcano that was born about 1.5 million years ago and had its last eruption about 25 thousand years. It has a height of approximately 2,030 mNsm, and its crater is eroded and covered by cloud forest (forest median perennifolia), so that tourists can be confused with a hill.
Volcano Santa Ana Ilamatepeq (Cerro de La Vieja)
It is the largest of the volcanoes of the Complex and the third highest point of El Salvador. Has an elevation of 2,381 m. Its geological history dates back some 2 million years, irregular eruptions, such is the case Llamatepec showed its strength in the year 2005, with an eruption that destroyed vegetation, poblados y cultivos. Por más de año y medio el sistema de Protección Civil prohibió las visitas turísticas u otro tipo de actividad en las inmediaciones del coloso, because they remained active and potential danger to the area.
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